Wikidata reference: Q43
Official Website:
Commons Category: Turkey
YouTube Channel: UChX28IHPQ2jyaBatdfRqGSQ
Twitter Username: @ekapi
Coordinates: 39, 36

Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye, pronounced [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Türkiye (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti] ), is a transcontinental country located at the juncture of Southeast Europe and West Asia. It is mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in West Asia, with a small portion called East Thrace on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest. Cyprus is off the south coast. Most of the country's citizens are ethnic Turks, while Kurds are the largest ethnic minority. Ankara is Turkey's capital and second-largest city, while Istanbul is its largest city and economic and financial centre.
One of the world's earliest permanently settled regions, present-day Turkey is home to important Neolithic sites like Göbekli Tepe, and was inhabited by ancient civilizations including the Hattians, Hittites, Anatolian peoples, Greeks, Assyrians, Persians, and others.Following the conquests of Alexander the Great which started the Hellenistic period, most of the ancient Anatolian regions were culturally Hellenized, and this continued during the Byzantine era. The Seljuk Turks began migrating to Anatolia in the 11th century, which started the Turkification process. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rum ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish principalities. Beginning in the late 13th century, the Ottomans united the principalities and conquered the Balkans, while the Turkification of Anatolia further progressed during the Ottoman period. After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued under Selim I. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire became a global power.From the late 18th century onwards, the empire's power declined with a gradual loss of territories. Mahmud II started a period of modernization in the early 19th century. The Young Turk Revolution of 1908 restricted the authority of the sultan and restored the Ottoman Parliament after a 30-year suspension, ushering the empire into a multi-party period. The Three Pashas took control with the 1913 coup d'état, and the Ottoman Empire entered World War I as one of the Central Powers in 1914. During the war, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian, Greek and Assyrian subjects. After its defeat in the war, the Ottoman Empire was partitioned.The Turkish War of Independence against the occupying Allied Powers resulted in the abolition of the sultanate on 1 November 1922, the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne (which superseded the Treaty of Sèvres) on 24 July 1923 and the proclamation of the Republic on 29 October 1923. With the reforms initiated by the country's first president, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Turkey became a secular, unitary and parliamentary republic. Turkey remained neutral during most of World War II, but entered the closing stages of the war on the side of the Allies.
Turkey played a prominent role in the Korean War and joined NATO in 1952. During the Cold War years, the country endured two military coups in 1960 and 1980, and a period of economic and political turmoil in the 1970s. The economy was liberalized in the 1980s, leading to stronger economic growth and political stability. Since 2002, the country's political system has been dominated by the AKP and its leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, under whom a decade of rapid growth in nominal GDP took place until 2013, which was followed by a period of recession and stagnation in terms of USD-based nominal GDP between 2013 and 2020, and high inflation as of 2023. The AKP government's initial economic achievements, which were financed through privatization revenues and loans, were overshadowed by democratic backsliding and an erosion in the separation of powers and civil liberties, which gained momentum after the parliamentary republic was replaced by an executive presidential system with a referendum in 2017.Turkey is a regional power with a geopolitically significant strategic location. The economy of Turkey, which is a founding member of the OECD and G20, is classified among the E7, EAGLEs and NICs, and currently ranks 19th-largest in the world by nominal GDP and 11th-largest by PPP. Turkey is a charter member of the United Nations, the IMF and the World Bank; a founding member of the OSCE, OIC, BSEC, ECO, MIKTA, TURKSOY and OTS; and an early member of NATO. After becoming one of the early members of the Council of Europe in 1950, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995, and started accession negotiations with the European Union in 2005. Turkey has a rich cultural legacy shaped by centuries of history and the influence of the various peoples that have inhabited its territory over several millennia; it is home to 19 UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the fourth most visited country in the world.



            Abandoned places in Turkey

            Activities in Turkey

            Activities in Vanuatu

            Agriculture in Bilecik Province

            Agriculture in Gaziantep Province

            Agriculture in Mersin Province


            Amulets of Turkey

            Anatolian beyliks

            Anatolian figurines

            Anatolian GreeksAnatolian Greeks

            Anatolian rugs and carpetsAnatolian rugs and carpets

            Ancient Anatolia


            AngolaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Archaeology in Turkey

            Architecture of Mardin

            Architecture of Tunceli

            Assyrian culture

            Atatürk monument in Kars

            Aydınpınar Waterfalls Nature Park

            Aşık Pasha Mausoleum


            Battle of KarsBattle of Kars

            Bayburt Üniversitesi


            Bazaar, Malatya

            Bülent Ecevit University


            BhutanFeatured Video Play Icon

            Births in Tarsus

            Bosnia & Herzegovina

            Boztepe Peninsula

            Buildings in Bayburt

            Buildings in Erzincan

            Buildings in Eskişehir

            Buildings in IspartaBuildings in Isparta

            Buildings in KarsBuildings in Kars

            Buildings in KayseriBuildings in Kayseri

            Buildings in Malatya

            Buildings in ManisaBuildings in Manisa

            Buildings in Muğla

            Buildings in Niğde Province

            Buildings in Osmaniye

            Buildings in RizeBuildings in Rize

            Buildings in Samsun

            Buildings in Sinop

            Buildings in Tekirdağ

            Buildings in Uşak

            Buildings in Şırnak

            Burma (Myanmar)

            Burma (Myanmar)Featured Video Play Icon


            BurundiFeatured Video Play Icon


            CambodiaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Categories of Turkey

            Categories of Vanuatu

            Celal Bayar University

            Cemeteries in Konya

            Central African Republic

            Central African RepublicFeatured Video Play Icon


            ChadFeatured Video Play Icon


            Charity in Turkey



            ChinaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Cityscapes in Mardin

            Commemorations in Turkey


            CongoFeatured Video Play Icon

            Coruh River in Bayburt


            CroatiaFeatured Video Play Icon


            CubaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Cuisine of Turkey

            Cultural events in Turkey

            Cultural heritage monuments in Turkey

            Culture of EskişehirCulture of Eskişehir

            Culture of Gümüşhane

            Culture of Kayseri

            Culture of Kilis

            Culture of KonyaCulture of Konya

            Culture of Kurdish people

            Culture of Malatya

            Culture of Mardin

            Culture of Mersin Province

            Culture of Samsun

            Culture of Sinop

            Culture of Tekirdağ

            Culture of the Ottoman EmpireCulture of the Ottoman Empire

            Culture of TurkeyCulture of Turkey

            Culture of Turkey by city

            Culture of Turkey by province

            Culture of Turkey by region

            Culture of Vanuatu


            Death customs of Turkey

            Decorations in TurkeyDecorations in Turkey

            Disestablishments in Turkey

            Districts of Hatay Province

            Districts of Niğde Province

            Dizi Channel


            DominicaFeatured Video Play Icon


            Doğanlı, Düzce

            Economy of Bartın

            Economy of Bayburt

            Economy of Eskişehir

            Economy of Kars

            Economy of Kayseri

            Economy of KonyaEconomy of Konya

            Economy of Manisa

            Economy of Muğla

            Economy of Osmaniye

            Economy of Rize

            Economy of Samsun


            Education in Konya

            Education in Malatya

            Education in Samsun

            Education in Turkey

            Ekşisu Picnic Area

            Entertainment in Turkey

            Erdoğan and Rize

            Ereğli railway station

            Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University

            Ethnography of Turkey

            Fashion of TurkeyFashion of Turkey

            Folk culture in Turkey

            Food of Niğde

            Food of Tekirdağ

            Foreign cultures in Turkey

            Former structures in Turkey

            Gallery pages of Turkey

            Gürlevik, ErzincanGürlevik, Erzincan

            Geography of Bayburt

            Geography of Bilecik Province

            Geography of Hatay Province

            Geography of Konya

            Geography of Samsun

            Geography of Turkey

            Geography of Turkish Kurdistan

            Geography of Vanuatu

            Girlevik Waterfall


            Historical coats of arms of Turkey

            Historical images of Turkey

            Historical regions in Turkey

            History of Bilecik Province

            History of Cappadocia

            History of ErzincanHistory of Erzincan

            History of Eskişehir

            History of Gaziantep Province

            History of Hatay Province

            History of Kayseri

            History of Konya

            History of ManisaHistory of Manisa

            History of Mardin

            History of Mersin Province

            History of Niğde Province

            History of Osmaniye

            History of Rize

            History of Sinop

            History of TekirdağHistory of Tekirdağ

            History of TunceliHistory of Tunceli

            History of Turkey

            History of Turkey by province

            History of Turkey by subject

            Hittites use guitar lyre trumpet tamborine to make music

            Hoca Ahmet Yesevi Mosque

            Holidays in Turkey

            Humor in Turkey

            Hunting in Turkey

            Hılla Pond


            IraqFeatured Video Play Icon


            IsraelFeatured Video Play Icon


            ItalyFeatured Video Play Icon

            Kafkas University

            Karahüseyinli, Bartın

            Kars gravyer cheese

            Karşıyaka, Bartın

            Kayseri Kapalı Çarşı


            Kurdish cultureKurdish culture

            Kırkgeçit Tunnels

            Lake Cugun

            Languages of Turkey

            LGBT culture in Turkey

            Literature of Turkey


            LuxembourgFeatured Video Play Icon


            MadagascarFeatured Video Play Icon


            MalawiFeatured Video Play Icon


            MaldivesFeatured Video Play Icon

            Maps of Bilecik Province

            Maps of Erzincan

            Maps of Eskişehir

            Maps of Gaziantep Province

            Maps of Hatay Province

            Maps of Konya

            Maps of Niğde Province

            Maps of Sinop


            Markets in Tekirdağ

            Marshall Islands

            Marshall IslandsFeatured Video Play Icon

            Marwanid dynasty

            Mascots of Turkey

            Medieval Anatolia

            Mersin International Music Festival

            Military culture of Turkey

            Ministry of Industry and Technology of Turkey

            Montages of Eskişehir

            Montages of Konya

            Montages of Samsun

            Monument for coal miners of Zonguldak

            Monuments and memorials in Bilecik Province

            Monuments and memorials in Gaziantep Province

            Monuments and memorials in Hatay Province

            Monuments and memorials in Malatya

            Monuments and memorials in Mersin Province

            Monuments and memorials in Turkey

            Monuments and sculptures in Kayseri

            Monuments in Isparta

            Mosques in Gümüşhane

            Mosques in Osmaniye

            Motorcycling in Turkey


            MozambiqueFeatured Video Play Icon

            Multiculturalism in Turkey

            Muratcık, Elâzığ

            Muğla chimneys


            Nature of Gaziantep Province

            Nature of Konya

            Nature of Mersin Province

            Nature of Niğde Province

            Nature of Tunceli

            Nature of Turkey

            Nature of Vanuatu

            Night in Hatay

            Northern Kurdistan


            NorwayFeatured Video Play Icon

            Not Isparta town but maybe Isparta Merkez

            Objects in Konya

            Objects in Turkey

            Objects in VanuatuObjects in Vanuatu

            Objects of Turkey

            Objects of Vanuatu

            Old pictures and maps of Kars

            Ornaments in Turkey

            Osmangazi University

            Osmaniye town scenes

            Oğuzeli Airport


            PalauFeatured Video Play Icon

            Panoramics in Bayburt

            Panoramics in Kayseri

            Panoramics in Kırşehir

            Papua New Guinea

            Papua New GuineaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Parks in Bilecik Province

            Parks in Eskişehir

            Parks in Malatya

            Parks in Muğla

            People of Bilecik Province

            People of Düzce

            People of Elâzığ

            People of Erzincan

            People of Eskişehir

            People of Gümüşhane

            People of Hatay Province

            People of Isparta

            People of Kayseri

            People of KonyaPeople of Konya

            People of Kırşehir

            People of MardinPeople of Mardin

            People of Mersin Province

            People of Muğla

            People of Osmaniye

            People of Tunceli

            People of Uşak

            People of Zonguldak


            PeruFeatured Video Play Icon


            PhilippinesFeatured Video Play Icon

            Pictures in Konya province by János Korom Dr.

            Pictures taken during Aksaray to Antalya car ride

            Places in Turkey

            Political geographyPolitical geography

            Political geography of Turkey

            Politics of Samsun


            PortugalFeatured Video Play Icon

            Pronunciation of Turkey

            Public services in Konya

            Religion in Turkey

            Reliquaries in Turkey

            Restoration in Turkey

            Rize and its tea

            Roads in Gaziantep Province

            Roads in Hatay Province

            Rock relief of İvriz

            Russian FederationRussian Federation

            Saint Lucia

            Saint LuciaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Saints of Asia Minor


            SamoaFeatured Video Play Icon


            Science and technology in TurkeyScience and technology in Turkey

            Science and technology museums in Turkey

            Seljuk EmpireSeljuk Empire


            SerbiaFeatured Video Play Icon


            Sierra Leone

            Sierra LeoneFeatured Video Play Icon

            Signs in Mardin

            Signs in Samsun

            Sinop Castle

            Sinop in art


            SlovakiaFeatured Video Play Icon


            SloveniaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Society of Gümüşhane

            Society of Osmaniye

            South Sudan

            South SudanFeatured Video Play Icon

            Southeast Turkish Olympiad Conversation


            SpainFeatured Video Play Icon

            Sports in Düzce

            Sports in Elâzığ

            Sports in Erzincan

            Sports in Kırşehir

            Sports in Malatya

            Sports in ManisaSports in Manisa

            Sports in Turkey

            Sports in Uşak

            Sports in Zonguldak

            Statue of Atatürk in Erzincan

            Statue of Atatürk, Elazığ

            Statue of Neşet Ertaş

            Statues in Isparta

            Street culture of Turkey

            Streets in Düzce

            Streets in Elâzığ

            Streets in Eskişehir

            Streets in Manisa

            Streets of Mardin


            SudanFeatured Video Play Icon

            Sultanate of Rûm

            Symbols of Turkey

            Technology in Istanbul

            Tekke Mosque

            Templates related to Turkey

            Templates related to Vanuatu

            Things named after Anatolia

            Things named after Rize

            Things named after Sinop

            Tomb of Ahi Evran


            TongaFeatured Video Play Icon

            Tourism in Isparta

            Tourism in Malatya

            Transport in Bilecik Province

            Transport in Erzincan

            Transport in Eskişehir

            Transport in Isparta

            Transport in Kars

            Transport in Kayseri

            Transport in Konya

            Transport in Mardin

            Transport in Mersin Province

            Transport in Samsun

            Treaties with Turkey as a party

            Trilingual inscription of Xerxes

            Trilingual inscription of Xerxes, Van


            TunisiaFeatured Video Play Icon


            TurkeyFeatured Video Play Icon

            Turkey by media type

            Turkey in art

            Turkey in Russo-Ukrainian War


            Turkish culture

            Turkish Space Agency

            Ulukent, Elâzığ

            Unidentified subjects in TurkeyUnidentified subjects in Turkey

            Universities and colleges in Bartın

            Universities and colleges in Kilis


            UruguayFeatured Video Play Icon

            Uşak Airport

            Vanuatu by media type

            Vanuatu by topic

            Views of Düzce

            Views of Gümüşhane

            Views of mainland from peninsula

            Views of Rize from inland hillsViews of Rize from inland hills

            Views of Turkey

            Views of Vanuatu

            Villages in Niğde Province

            Visitor attractions in Düzce

            Visitor attractions in Eskişehir

            Visitor attractions in Gümüşhane

            Visitor attractions in Hatay

            Visitor attractions in Mersin Province

            Visual arts of Turkey

            Weddings in Turkey

            Western Anatolia

            Western ArmeniaWestern Armenia

            WikiProject Turkey

            World Heritage Sites in Turkey

            Yamula Dam

            Yazıpınarı, Elâzığ

            Yağmurlu, Kırşehir

            Yeni Han

            Yeni Han, Manisa

            Yoga in Turkey

            Zonguldak harbour

            Zonguldak Lighthouse

            Zonguldak Province

            Zonguldak streams

            Zonguldak TKK remains




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